Allergy / Immunology

Allergies and immunology are two highly interrelated disciplines in the medical field. 

Allergy is when an individual’s immune system reacts to substances not usually considered harmful. 

Immunology involves studying how our bodies defend ourselves against foreign agents. 

Both fields are essential for understanding how to protect us from potential health threats.

Everyone must take a proactive approach to protect their health— especially since allergies and immunological issues can pose serious risks if left unchecked.


Allergy and immunology are two closely related medical specialties focused on the human immune system. 

Allergies occur when an individual’s immune system produces an exaggerated response to a foreign substance, known as an allergen. 

Symptoms can range from mild reactions such as sneezing or itching to severe reactions like anaphylactic shock. 

Immunologists specialize in diagnosing and treating allergies through allergy shots or allergy injections, which help reduce the body’s response to allergens.

Rhinitis is among the most common allergic conditions, affecting around 20% of people worldwide. 

It’s often called hay fever or allergic rhinitis due to its symptoms that mimic seasonal allergies caused by pollen and other environmental factors during certain times of the year. 

Many individuals with rhinitis experience nasal congestion, sneezing, itchy eyes, and runny nose throughout the year—symptoms commonly associated with seasonal allergies.

Food allergies are another form of allergic reaction triggered by specific proteins found in food items. 

An estimated 10 percent of children suffer from food allergies, but adults can also be affected by them. 

Common signs of food allergy include facial swelling, hives, and difficulty breathing after consuming peanuts, shellfish, and dairy products. 

Sometimes, these reactions can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention.

Immunologists use diagnostic tests like skin prick tests or blood work to measure sensitivity to different allergens before recommending treatment plans tailored to each adult and pediatric patient’s needs. 

Treatment typically includes avoidance of any potential triggers along with medications such as antihistamines or corticosteroids used to relieve symptoms once they appear. 

In more severe cases where exposure is unavoidable, immunologists may suggest allergy injections containing small doses of the allergen over time to desensitize patients against their specific trigger(s) gradually.

By understanding how our bodies respond differently to substances inside and outside us, we can better manage allergic disorders and reactions through proper diagnosis and personalized treatments designed for sustained relief without compromising safety or comfort levels for individuals affected by allergies or related illnesses.

What Does The Department Do?

The Allergy/Immunology Department comprises a group of specialists and associates dedicated to providing the highest quality patient care. 

The department at our medical center focuses on diagnosing, managing, and treating allergic and immunologic disorders in adults and children. 

Our experienced team includes allergists, internal medicine physicians, pediatricians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals who are board-certified in allergy/immunology or have received specialized training:

  1. Immunology Associates – Provide testing, consultation services, and treatments for various allergic diseases such as asthma and food allergies.
  2. Medical Center – Provides comprehensive evaluation, diagnosis, and management of specific immunologic problems.
  3. Internal Medicine Physicians – Treat common illnesses using sophisticated diagnostic equipment while focusing on preventive care to help patients maintain their health over time.
  4. Immunology Specialists – Diagnose, manage, and treat lymphoid organs affected by the disease to restore normal immune function through therapeutic interventions that may include medications or lifestyle modifications.


Our team works together to provide individualized treatment plans tailored to each patient’s needs based on evidence-based practice guidelines from national organizations such as the American College of Allergy Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI). 

We strive to provide excellent patient care with respect for every person’s unique circumstances, including culture, race, gender identity, sexual orientation, and more. 

We ensure superior outcomes for those suffering from allergic diseases or immune deficiencies through personalized attention and cutting-edge technology.

How We Help Our Patients

Our hospital’s Department of Allergy and Immunology is dedicated to providing the best care for patients with various allergic and immunologic disorders and diseases. 

Our team includes specialists from across the United States who are committed to providing evidence-based treatment options tailored to each patient’s needs.

We offer our patients medical and surgical treatments depending on their condition. 

We use advanced diagnostics such as skin testing, laboratory tests, and imaging studies to identify allergies, recurrent infections, and other immunological disorders. 

This helps us tailor a practical plan for treating the underlying cause of the problem rather than just treating symptoms.

In addition, we provide comprehensive management services, including lifestyle guidance, medication education, and long-term follow-up visits. 

We strive to ensure that our patients have all the information they need to make informed decisions about their health. 

Our goal is always to help individuals manage their conditions to lead healthy lives without relying on medications or last-shot remedies.

Our department also offers a full range of allergy injections and subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) for environmental allergy patients.

SCIT is one of the most widely used methods for managing allergic reactions in adults, children, pregnant women, older adults, and others living with sensitivities or immune system disorders in the United States today.

By offering this service, we can help many more people find relief from severe symptoms caused by airborne allergens like pollen or dust mites.

At our hospital’s Department of Allergy & Immunology, we are committed to helping our patients live healthier lives through innovative therapeutic approaches backed by research-driven practice guidelines and up-to-date data analysis techniques.

When To See A Doctor

It is essential to recognize when an individual might need to visit a doctor for help diagnosing and treating allergies or immunological issues. 

Some common signs that suggest immediate medical attention are required include a severe reaction involving difficulty breathing, hives on the body, and swelling of the lips, tongue, or throat. 

Additionally, if someone experiences chest tightness, pain, and lightheadedness, they should seek medical care immediately.

In addition to these severe symptoms, milder allergic reactions can also warrant professional attention. 

An itchy rash accompanied by sneezing, runny nose, or watery eyes may indicate an allergy that could require medical treatment. 

If such symptoms last more than several days without improvement, seeking medical advice is recommended. 

Furthermore, individuals with asthma who experience recurring episodes of sinus infections or any other type of infection due to weakened immunity from asthma should also consider consulting a doctor about their condition.

Immunology specialists are trained to evaluate patients’ physical and environmental conditions before recommending treatments, including medications and lifestyle changes that may reduce allergic reactions and strengthen immune systems over time.

During appointments, doctors will typically ask questions related to family health history and conduct physical exams to diagnose the patient’s problem accurately. 

Upon diagnosis, they can provide detailed instructions on managing the issue long-term by avoiding specific allergens wherever possible and taking preventive measures like regular hand washing during the senior season.

With proper guidance from a qualified specialist, one can learn how best to cope with allergies or immunological disorders so that short-term relief from acute symptoms and more extended-term management strategies can be employed for improved overall well-being.

Diagnostic Services

Given the complexity of allergies and immunology, seeking medical attention for accurate diagnosis and treatment is essential. 

To this end, numerous diagnostic services can be used to identify potential allergies or immune system disorders.

One such service is a skin test administered by an allergist-immunologist. 

This involves placing a small amount of allergen onto the patient’s forearm and then pricking the spot with a needle to introduce it into the surface layer of their skin. 

If a reaction occurs within 15 minutes, it indicates sensitivity to that particular substance. 

Allergy skin testing may also involve injecting more substantial doses under the skin to determine if allergic symptoms will develop over time.

Another diagnostic procedure commonly employed by physicians includes blood testing, which measures levels of specific antibodies in response to suspected allergens. 

These antibody levels increase when exposed to certain substances, allowing doctors to make precise conclusions about allergy status and severity. 

Radioallergosorbent (RAST) is another form of blood testing wherein patients receive injections containing tiny amounts of common airborne allergens while clinicians monitor changes in antibodies associated with each one.

In addition, various imaging techniques can help diagnose certain conditions related to allergies, severe asthma, recurrent infections, allergic disorders, or impaired immunity systems, including X-rays, ultrasounds, CT scans, and MRIs. 

Such imaging aids physicians in detecting any structural damage caused by infection or inflammation and locating tumors on organs such as the spleen or lymph nodes.

Overall, these diagnostics services offer valuable insight for accurately assessing allergies or immune system disorders so that appropriate treatments can be initiated promptly, resulting in improved quality of life for those affected individuals.


Regarding allergies and immunology, assessments are critical for correctly diagnosing and developing a treatment plan.

Reviews should include the patient’s medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, imaging studies, and any other test that may be necessary to determine an accurate diagnosis.

The following four steps can help ensure that all relevant information is gathered during an assessment:

  1. Obtain a detailed medical history which includes past illnesses or medications taken by the patient
  2. Conduct a thorough physical exam, including allergy skin testing if necessary
  3. Perform laboratory evaluations as needed, such as blood work or allergy tests
  4. Utilize specialized imaging studies like X-rays or CT scans when indicated


Allergy and Immunology specialists must remain vigilant while assessing patients with possible allergic conditions to guarantee accuracy in their diagnoses and treatment plans. 

For instance, they will need to evaluate the symptoms and consider environmental factors that could influence the condition being treated before coming up with a definitive action plan. 

Additionally, depending on the severity of the condition being addressed, additional follow-up visits may be necessary to monitor progress over time.

It is essential for healthcare providers involved in allergy/immunology treatments to effectively evaluate each patient’s needs to provide comprehensive care explicitly tailored toward them. 

This approach helps foster trust between provider and patient, allowing for short-term and long-term positive outcomes. 

As such, it is essential that every step, from initial evaluation through definitive treatment, be conducted with caution and skillful expertise to achieve optimal results.


Following the assessments, I have arranged consultations as needed for you. 

These appointments allow patients to meet with a qualified allergy and immunology specialist who can discuss their diagnosis in detail. 

If you have any questions or concerns about treatment options, we will address them thoroughly during this time.

The primary goals of the consultation are ensuring that all parties understand the patient’s medical condition and developing an individualized care plan tailored to their specific needs. 

The doctor may also review lifestyle modifications and medications to assist with symptom management while exploring long-term strategies such as desensitization therapy when appropriate.

Accurate records must be kept throughout the consultation process so that a comprehensive history of allergies and treatments can be tracked over time. 

To ensure accuracy, it is ideal if the patient brings along any previous health records, including relevant laboratory results related to their condition. 

Additionally, they should write down information discussed during the appointment to have a history of what was said.

At the end of each consultation, clear instructions regarding follow-up steps should be given; these could include specifying how often checkups need to occur or what types of tests need to be completed at home. 

Patients should feel confident asking questions until everything has been clarified satisfactorily before leaving the office. 

With clarity on expectations established through regular conversations between doctor and patient, optimal outcomes can more easily be achieved.


Allergy and immunology treatments minimize the symptoms of allergies, asthma, and other immune disorders. 

The goal is to reduce discomfort and improve the quality of life for those affected. Treatments may include medications, injections, or lifestyle changes.

  • Medications: Antihistamines, decongestants, and corticosteroids commonly treat allergy-related issues like sneezing, itching, and congestion.
  • Injections: Allergen immunotherapy involves regular shots containing small amounts of allergens to increase tolerance over time. This type of treatment has been found effective in reducing sensitivity to specific triggers.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Dietary adjustments such as avoiding common food allergens can help lessen reactions when they occur. Reducing exposure to environmental factors such as pollen or mold may also be beneficial.


When deciding which course of action suits an individual, one must consider their medical history and any potential risks associated with particular therapies. 

For this reason, consulting with a qualified physician is highly recommended before you begin any new treatment regimen. 

Proper care and management plans tailored to each person’s unique needs can make managing allergies and immune system issues more manageable.


Many allergy and immunology conditions may require additional procedures to help manage symptoms following treatments. 

Patients need to understand the potential risks associated with each procedure and its expected benefits.

The most common procedure for these conditions is an allergen challenge test. 

A patient will be exposed to small amounts of an allergen to measure their reaction. 

This helps doctors determine if allergies are present. 

Further tests may be required, or medications could be prescribed depending on the results.

For those with severe asthma or other airway diseases, bronchial thermoplasty can relieve muscle contractions that cause airway narrowing during attacks. 

The procedure involves delivering radio frequency energy into the walls of the lower airways to reduce inflammation within them. 

While some risks are involved, such as shortness of breath and chest pain, research has shown it significantly improves breathing in more than 80% of cases where it was used for severe asthma treatment.

Another form of treatment for allergic disorders is desensitization therapy, which gradually introduces increasing doses of allergens over time, making people less sensitive to them. 

Although not suitable for everyone, when done correctly, desensitization therapy can significantly reduce allergic reactions in some individuals even after stopping treatment, meaning long-term relief without taking medication daily or using preventative measures like avoiding specific triggers altogether.

Any procedures involving allergies or immunology issues must be conducted under strict medical supervision since the incorrect application may lead to severe consequences, including life-threatening situations due to extreme allergic reactions. 

Therefore, anyone considering one should speak with their doctor first and ensure they fully understand the advantages and drawbacks before proceeding with any treatment plan involving a specific procedure for managing allergies or immunological disorders/diseases.

Patient Resources

Patient resources are available to those suffering from allergies and immunological disorders. 

Patients can access a range of information and support services that will help them better understand their condition and how to manage it.

First, some medical professionals specialize in the treatment of these conditions. 

These specialists know the latest treatments, medications, and therapies for allergies and immunologic diseases. 

They can provide advice on lifestyle changes that may be necessary to reduce symptoms or prevent flare-ups. 

Additionally, they can refer patients to other healthcare providers if further testing is needed to treat them.

Second, many organizations offer support groups for people with allergies and immunologic diseases. 

Through these meetings, patients can connect with others facing similar struggles and learn more about managing their condition through peer-to-peer support. 

Furthermore, online forums give people an anonymous platform to discuss their experiences without judgment or stigma.

Finally, educational materials such as pamphlets or videos provide helpful information about living with allergies or an immune disorder. 

Understanding the potential risks associated with certain activities allows individuals to take precautionary measures when engaging in activities that might exacerbate their symptoms. 

Patients can make informed decisions regarding their health and well-being by arming themselves with relevant knowledge.

Frequently Asked Questions Allergy / Immunology

The most common allergies are a broad range of conditions that can cause an immune system response in various individuals. 

Allergies affect millions of people worldwide, and many different things, such as pollen, dust mites, animal dander, food, insect stings, and more, can cause them. 

The symptoms of allergies vary from mild to severe, including sneezing, itchy eyes, or skin rashes. Here are some examples of the most common types of allergies:

  • Pollen: sensitivity to outdoor allergens such as grasses, weeds, and trees;
  • Dust Mite Allergy: reactions to proteins found in house dust mites;
  • Animal Dander Allergy: reactions to fur or feathers from cats or dogs;

These are just a few examples of what is known as IgE-mediated allergic responses. 

These reactions occur when someone’s body mistakes harmless substances for something dangerous, triggering an immune system response. 

When this happens, histamine is released into the bloodstream, which causes inflammation and other physical symptoms like runny nose or hives. 

This type of allergy requires medical attention because the symptoms can become severe without treatment. 

Certain foods like peanuts or seafood may also cause an allergic reaction due to their protein content triggering an IgE-mediated response. 

Symptoms here may be more severe than those experienced from airborne allergens and require even closer monitoring from healthcare professionals.

Treatment options for these types of allergies depend upon the severity level but generally involve avoidance strategies for allergens and medications like antihistamines or corticosteroids if necessary. 

Some patients may opt for immunotherapy treatments where small doses of allergen extracts are slowly introduced over time so that the body becomes accustomed to them and no longer reacts negatively.

Allergies should not be taken lightly regardless of how minor the initial symptoms might appear – seeking professional medical advice is always recommended before attempting any form of self-medication or home remedies to prevent further complications arising down the line.

Immunotherapy is a therapy used to treat certain diseases, such as allergies and asthma. 

It involves introducing substances into the body that cause an immune response to help fight off infection or reduce symptoms. 

While immunotherapy can benefit some patients, it can also result in potential side effects.

The most common side effect of immunotherapy is localized reactions at the injection site. 

This may include swelling, redness, itching, pain, burning sensation, and hives. 

These reactions usually go away within 24 hours of receiving the injection, but medical attention should be sought if they persist longer than this. 

Other possible side effects of immunotherapy include fatigue, headaches, and nausea. In rare cases, more severe complications may occur, such as breathing difficulty due to bronchoconstriction or even anaphylaxis—a life-threatening allergic reaction that requires immediate medical attention.

In addition to physical reactions from injections, psychological issues have been linked to immunotherapy treatment. 

Patients may experience anxiety before or after their treatments, leading to insomnia and other sleeping problems. 

There is a risk that these psychological side effects could become long-term or permanent issues if not appropriately treated by mental health professionals.

It is essential for individuals considering immunotherapy to understand all the potential risks involved to make an informed decision about whether this form of therapy is right for them.

 A doctor should be consulted before starting any course of treatment to ensure safety and minimize any undesirable outcomes.

Preventing allergies is essential for many people, as allergic reactions can range from uncomfortable to life-threatening. 

Although there are no guarantees that one will not develop allergies, specific preventive measures may reduce their risk. 

This article provides a brief overview of these potential strategies and their efficacy.

One way to potentially prevent the development of allergies is through allergen avoidance. 

Allergens such as dust mites, pet dander, and pollen are ubiquitous in most environments; however, reducing exposure to them by using air filters or eliminating pets from home may help lower the chance of sensitization occurring over time. 

A study published in 2017 found that children with higher levels of indoor allergens were more likely to experience asthma symptoms than those with less exposure.

Immunotherapy has also been shown to prevent allergy sensitivity in some cases. 

The process involves introducing small amounts of specific allergens into a person’s body regularly over several months or years until immunologic tolerance develops. 

In general, it appears to work best for individuals suffering from hay fever (allergic rhinitis) due to airborne pollens and bee/wasp venom allergies since these tend to have consistent triggers throughout the year, which allows for longer-term treatment regimens. 

Studies have demonstrated that immunotherapy can reduce symptom severity by up to 70 percent compared to pre-treatment levels.

Finally, maintaining good overall health can play an essential role in mitigating allergic reactions when they do occur. 

Getting enough sleep, exercise, and a balanced diet helps ensure that your immune system remains strong and capable of responding quickly should you ever come into contact with something you’re allergic to. 

Furthermore, staying hydrated helps keep mucous membranes—which act as natural barriers against allergens—well lubricated and functioning optimally to filter out unwanted particles before they reach deeper layers where inflammation could arise.

In sum, although there is no guarantee that any given individual will remain allergy free, following specific precautionary steps such as avoiding known allergens whenever possible, undergoing immunotherapy treatments if needed, and paying attention to overall physical well-being can significantly reduce the likelihood of experiencing severe allergic reactions down the line.

Understanding the differences between allergy and immunology specialists is essential for those looking to improve their health. 

Allergists and immunologists are two types of medical professionals specializing in different areas, though both provide valuable services for managing allergies, asthma, and other immune system disorders. 

Patients must know which type of specialist can best address their individual needs.

Allergy specialists focus on diagnosing and treating allergies and conditions caused by an overactive or underactive immune response. 

They diagnose various allergic reactions, from hay fever to multiple food allergies and intolerance, as well as more complicated diseases like eczema, atopic dermatitis, and chronic hives. 

Allergists also treat asthma with medications such as inhalers, nebulizers, and steroids that reduce inflammation in the airways.

On the other hand, immunologists specialize in investigating how the body’s defense mechanisms work against infectious agents like bacteria and viruses. 

Immunologists evaluate blood tests to measure levels of antibodies produced by the body when exposed to specific antigens. 

They may also perform genetic testing to identify inherited risk factors associated with autoimmune disease or other immune system disorders.

The treatment approach taken by each specialty varies depending on the condition being treated; however, they often collaborate during patient care. 

Working together allows allergists and immunologists to develop comprehensive plans incorporating medication management alongside lifestyle modifications such as diet changes or stress reduction techniques — ultimately providing better outcomes for patients seeking relief from allergy symptoms or underlying causes of immune system dysfunction.

Understanding these distinctions in specialties within the field of medicine makes it easier for individuals to choose which doctor will be most beneficial for their particular situation so they can receive optimal care tailored specifically for them.

Treating allergies can be an ongoing challenge for those who suffer from them. 

Allergies are caused by a reaction to substances known as allergens, which may include pollen, pet dander, or certain foods. 

This article will explore the potential benefits of natural remedies for treating allergies.

Natural remedies have become increasingly popular in recent years due to their perceived health benefits and lack of potential side effects compared to conventional medications. 

Here are four examples of natural treatments:

  • Herbal teas – Certain herbal teas can help alleviate allergy symptoms such as sneezing and itching. Examples include nettle, chamomile, green, and peppermint tea.
  • Nasal irrigation involves using saline solution to flush out irritants and mucus from the nasal passages, preventing nasal polyps. It also helps reduce inflammation in the airways, thereby relieving congestion associated with allergies.
  • Acupuncture – This ancient Chinese practice uses needles inserted into specific points on the body to stimulate energy flow (Qi) throughout the body’s meridians and aid in healing processes. It effectively reduces allergic disorders with other therapies, such as herbal medicines or dietary changes.
  • Dietary modifications – Modifying one’s diet can help reduce allergic responses in some cases by removing trigger foods or adding beneficial nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids, which may provide anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce allergy symptoms.

Although these natural remedies offer potential relief from allergy symptoms, they should not replace any medical advice your doctor or healthcare provider gives if you suffer from severe or chronic allergies. 

Additionally, it is essential to understand that what works for one person might not work for another. 

So, it may take some experimentation before finding something that works best for you. 

Furthermore, while there is evidence supporting many of these techniques, caution must still be taken before trying any new remedy without consulting your physician first to avoid any potential harm or adverse effects resulting from untested combinations of therapies or self-medication activities outside of supervised care plans prescribed by trained professionals familiar with your circumstances and needs.